Microbial ecosystem soil fertilisation - A soil fertilisation process based on a microbial ecosystem which avoids the use of chemical fertilisers and lime and reduces pesticides application.
A soil fertilisation process based on a microbial ecosystem offers the opportunity to reduce GHG emissions of farming systems while maintaining at least an equivalent yield.
This fertilisation process is a complex of microorganisms self-developing in the soil or in symbiosis with plants. This ecosystem acts at several levels: it produces humus, the evolved form of the organic matter; and it enriches the soil in nitrogen thanks to free-nitrogen fixing bacteria and it establishes symbiotic interactions with plants. By producing humus, the solution increases the quality of the soil (structure, water retention capacity, reduction of erosion) and the fertility of the soil (quantity and availability of nutrients for the plant). With this process, there is no longer any need for mineral fertilisers, nitrogen and pesticides applications are divided by two, to grow crops and maintain at least the same yield as conventional farm system management while increasing the quality of the crops. These economies in terms of inputs are beneficial for the climate as the production of pesticides and fertilisers is cost full in GHG emissions.
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